Bed bugs are parasitic insects of the cimicidae family that feed exclusively on blood. During the day, they hide in dry, dark areas close to their feeding places. The bites cause strong irritation, scratching and consequently infections. Bed bugs can travel with luggage bedding, or second-hand furniture.
Recently in Australia, the population and spread of bed bugs has increased dramatically. The resurgence in bed bugs has been attributed to increased travel, the exchange of used bedding and furniture and the limited availability of effective and approved insecticides as well as a resistance that bed bugs have built up over the years.
Bed Bugs go through several developmental moults before reaching the adult reproductive form, but require blood to feed at each stage. Bed bugs spend the majority of their lives unseen and hidden away in cracks and crevices which means that they often evade the areas that treatments have been applied to such as carpets, bedding and mattresses. Typically bed bugs will emerge between midnight and five in the morning to feed and are attracted to heat and carbon dioxide given off by their unwitting hosts who are generally in a deep sleep.